Health Insurance

Six Facts Folks with a Medicare Supplement need to know

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1.Make sure you have a current copy of Medicare & You. This handbook has details about what Medicare covers and provides websites and phone numbers where you can get additional information.

2.Remember that if Medicare does not pay for a medical procedure your Medicare Supplement will not pay for their share. If you are uncertain if a procedure is covered, you can probably find the answer in Medicare & You. You can also call Medicare at 1 800 633 4227 and they are opened 24 hours per day, seven days per week.

3.During Open Enrollment, which is from October 15th through December 7th, you can change Medicare drug plans. Also during this period you can change from a Medicare Supplement to a Medicare Advantage plan. Unless you have creditable drug coverage from a previous employers or the VA, do not drop your Medicare Drug Policy without enrolling in a new one. Medicare Beneficiaries who have gaps in coverage normally pay a penalty when they enroll in a Medicare Drug plan in the future.

4. Medicare Prescription Drug plans often make changes to their formularies, deductibles, preferred pharmacies and other features from year to year. Also, often Medicare beneficiaries have changes in their medications. It is in your best interest to register on and store your prescription drugs as well as preferred pharmacies on their site. This will allow you to quickly check during Open Enrollment to see if you need to change to a different Medicare Prescription Drug plan.

5. If your doctor recommends  you take a new drug that is not in the formulary of your current Medicare drug plan, you can contact their customer service and request an exception.

6.You can apply for a different Medicare Supplement at another insurance company any time of the year. Medicare beneficiaries sometimes do this when they find a company with a much lower premium. However, unless you have a guarantee issue because your current plan is being cancelled, you will have to go through medical underwriting. This means the insurance company will ask you medical questions, review your medical records and can decline you.

Six Smart Steps for choosing Medicare Insurance that is Right for You

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Choosing Medicare Insurance

Baby Boomers turning 65 in North Carolina have an abundance of choices with regard to their Medicare insurance. My customers who have been buying their own health insurance and don’t qualify for a government subsidy are thrilled to be able to choose from many policies that are much more affordable. Their challenge is sorting through these numerous policies and choosing what is right for their lifestyle, health needs and pocketbook. If you are uncertain which plan or plans are best for you, here is a step by step guide to ensure you make a wise decision: Read More

How much will you have to pay for Medicare Part B and D

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Medicare Card

All Medicare beneficiaries must be enrolled in both Medicare Part A and B before they are allowed to enroll in a Medicare Supplement or Advantage policy. The standard Part B premium amount in 2022 is $170.10. Most people pay the standard Part B premium amount. If your modified adjusted gross income as reported(MAGI) on your IRS tax return from 2 years ago is above a certain amount, you’ll pay the standard premium amount and an Income Related Monthly Adjustment Amount (IRMAA). IRMAA is an extra charge added to your premium.

If your yearly income in 2020 (for what you pay in 2022) was You pay each month (in 2022)
File individual tax return File joint tax return File married & separate tax return
$91,000 or less $182,000 or less $91,000 or less $170.10
above $91,000 up to $114,000 above $182,000 up to $228,000 Not applicable $238.10
above $114,000 up to $142,000 above $228,000 up to $284,000 Not applicable $340.20
above $142,000 up to $170,000 above $284,000 up to $340,000 Not applicable $442.30
above $170,000 and less than $500,000 above $340,000 and less than $750,000 above $91,000 and less than $409,000 $544.30
$500,000 or above $750,000 or above $409,000 or above $578.30


Medicare Part D premiums by income

The chart below shows your estimated prescription drug plan monthly premium based on your income as reported on your IRS tax return. If your income is above a certain limit, you’ll pay an income-related monthly adjustment amount in addition to your plan premium.

If your filing status and yearly income in 2020 was
File individual tax return File joint tax return File married & separate tax return You pay each month (in 2022)
$91,000 or less $182,000 or less $91,000 or less your plan premium
above $91,000 up to $114,000 above $182,000 up to $228,000 not applicable $12.40 + your plan premium
above $114,000 up to $142,000 above $228,000 up to $284,000 not applicable $32.10 + your plan premium
above $142,000 up to $170,000 above $284,000 up to $340,000 not applicable $51.70 + your plan premium
above $170,000 and less than $500,000 above $340,000 and less than $750,000 above $91,000 and less than $409,000 $71.30 + your plan premium
$500,000 or above $750,000 or above $409,000 or above $77.90 + your plan premium

If you find that your past income will cause you to pay more for both Medicare Part B and your drug plan, but expect your income to be much lower after retirement, you can contact Social Security at 1 800 408 1212 and appeal these additional premiums. Social Security is opened Monday through Friday from 7 AM until 7 PM.

6 Facts Folks with Medicare Advantage Plans Should Know

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retired couple researching Medicare Advantage

  1. Make sure you have a current copy of Medicare-and-You. This handbook has details about what Medicare covers and provides website and phone numbers where you can get additional information.
  2. The number for Medicare is 1 800 633 4227 and they are opened 24 hours per day, seven days per week.
  3. During Open Enrollment, which is from October 15th through December 7th, you can change Medicare Advantage plans.
  4. Another change you can make during Open Enrollment is from a Medicare Advantage to a Medicare Supplement plan. According to page 23 of Choosing-A-Medigap, you have a one-year Trial right for Medicare Advantage plans. This means that during the first year, you can return to Original Medicare and enroll in a Medicare Supplement without going through medical underwriting. When an applicant is required to go through medical underwriting the insurance company can decline them or charge them a higher premium. According to page 22 of Choosing-A-Medigap, you can also enroll in a Medicare Supplement without medical underwriting if your Medicare Advantage policy is terminated. You can enroll in a Medicare Supplement as early as 60 days before your coverage ends, but no later than 63 days after your coverage ends. After your one-year Trial Right, most Medicare Supplement insurance companies will require you to go through medical underwriting unless your Medicare Advantage policy has been and will be terminated. BlueCross BlueShield is exception to this. They have the Blue-to-Blue Rule which allows their Medicare Advantage Policy holders to switch to one of their Medicare Supplements during Open Enrollment without medical underwriting.
  5. If your doctor recommends you take a new drug that is not in the formulary of your current Medicare Advantage plan, you can contact their customer service and request an exception.
  6. Unlike Medicare Supplements, Medicare Advantage plans are regional. If you move out of your plan’s service area you will have a Special Election Period which begins 1 month before your move and 2 months after the move to enroll in a new plan. Read More

New to Raleigh-Durham area and need a doctor?

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Raleigh, North Carolina, USA State Capitol Building.

If you have recently moved to the Raleigh Durham area and need assistance finding a Duke primary care or specialist doctor, the Duke Consultation and Referral Center can help. They are open Monday through Friday from 8:00 AM until 5 PM. Whether you or not they are Medicare eligible, my clients have found this number helpful. The Duke Referral Center has also help my customers whose doctors have retired or move to a new area find a new doctor.

Call 1-888-ASK-Duke (275-3853) to request an appointment or visit them on-line at




Six Facts you need to Know to Prevent Problems with your Marketplace Health Insurance Policy

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Once you have made your first payment and received your insurance ID please be aware of these requirements and procedures to avoid losing your government subsidy or being penalized:

  1. Normally the method to make your first insurance payment for a Marketplace policy is different from the subsequent payments. To pay for the first month of your Marketplace policy you are given an 800 number or a website. This means you will receive an invoice every month unless you go to the insurance web site or call their customer service number to arrange for automatic bank draft. I’ve had several customers ignore invoices thinking they were on automatic bank draft. Unfortunately, some did not realize the problem until they lost their insurance policy and could not re-apply again until open enrollment.
  2. If you have a computer make sure you register on the website of your health insurance company. Although you will have a customer service number, this will give you a chance to view your claims and payment history without making a phone call. Also, sometimes these sites offer discount coupons.
  3. Make sure you read your Marketplace Letter carefully. Sometimes the Marketplace requires you to provide additional information several weeks after your policy begins. The type of information can be proof of your income, citizenship, identity or proof that you are in the U.S. legally. Even if you are paying your insurance premiums on time the Marketplace will stop your government subsidy if you do not provide the information they have requested by their deadline. This information can be uploaded to their website or can be mailed. If you mail it make sure you follow their guidelines and include the barcode in Marketplace letter. Often your insurance agent can upload your information if you encounter problems.
  4. To receive assistance from the government to pay for your health insurance you must agree to file your tax returns. This also means the Marketplace will mail you a 1095 A form, which provides information on how much the government subsidized your health insurance plan. This information is needed to complete the 8962 form of your taxes. The 8962 form is used to reconcile your estimated income that you provided to the Marketplace with your actual income. If you don’t receive the 1095 A form you can go to to retrieve it or call the Marketplace at 1 800 318 2596. Even if you are only on a Marketplace policy for a short period you are required to compete this form when you file your tax returns. Failure to do this can prevent you from obtaining a subsidy in the future.
  5. If you have a change in circumstances such as new job where you make a higher income or obtaining a job with health insurance make sure you contact the Marketplace. A new job with a higher income needs to be reported because your new income could cause you to lose all or part of your subsidy. Failure to comply with this policy could cause you to pay an IRS penalty. Sometimes my clients have a policy where the government is totally subsidizing their policy. In this case it is extremely important to call the Marketplace to cancel your policy if you no longer need the coverage. Otherwise they are making unnecessary payments to your insurance company.
  6. If you need to cancel your Marketplace policy do not call your health insurance company. Instead call the Marketplace at 1 800 318 2596. Once the Marketplace receives your request, they will contact your insurance company and cancel your policy.


Applying for Health insurance in 2019

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Topics Covered and Questions Answered:

  • Explanation of the ACA (Affordable Care Act) provisions
  • Update on the plans available in Raleigh, Durham and Chapel Hill area
  • ACA Terminology
  • How to choose a plan?
  • Who is eligible for a government subsidy?
  • How to apply for a government subsidy and what questions to expect?
  • When you can apply for health insurance?
  • What alternatives are available to ACA compliant policies?
  • Who to call when you have health insurance complaints or to report fraud.

Read More

Five More Fallacies of ObamaCare

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As I pointed out in my ObamaCare video, we are constantly bombarded with misinformation about the Affordable Care Act(ACA) or ObamaCare. Here are five more examples of these fallacies:

fallacy #1:All health insurance must be purchased from the Marketplace. Read More

6 Tips for Choosing the Best Dental Plan

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Dental Insurance in Raleigh, NC

Unlike most people I enjoy going to the dentist. As a child I had a dentist who knew how to entertain his patients while performing dental procedures that were usually painless.  When my dentist retired his son took over the practice and continued the family tradition of making the patients feel at ease.  It’s good that I have always had access to exceptional dental care since I was not blessed with good teeth. My numerous childhood fillings resulted in a lot of crowns and root canals as an adult.

Fortunately my personal experience has helped me understand the important features of good dental plan and how to assist my clients in evaluating these plans. Here is my advice for buying dental insurance:

  1. If you are leaving your current employer and have a dental plan that fits your needs, your best option might be to take the dental part of COBRA.  Even if you do not take the medical part of COBRA, you normally can accept the dental and stay on it for 18months.  The monthly premiums might be lower than your other options.  If you have a child who needs braces and your current plan offers Orthodontia, you should stay on this plan. Dental plans that individuals purchase do not include Orthodontia.
  2. Although most dental plans cover 100% of two cleanings (preventative) per year, some will only cover one or require you to pay a co-pay or percentage. Make sure you understand what you will be required to pay for preventative.
  3. Dental plans usually have  a 6 month waiting period before they cover basic services such as fillings, extractions, oral surgery and root canals. For major services such as crowns and bridges there is often a 12 month waiting period. When you leave a dental plan they provide a Certificate of Coverage showing the start and end dates of your dental coverage. Some dental plans will waive these waiting periods if you can provide a Certificate of Coverage showing that you have not had a break in dental coverage of more than 63 days during the past 18 months.
  4. Check to see if your dentist is in the plan’s network and ask questions about how the plan will pay if you go outside of this network.  Since your dentist will probably not be able to perform all procedures such as root canals and oral surgeries, it is also important to know if specialists such as oral surgeons and endodontists are in the network in your area.
  5. Understand the cancellation policies and initial enrollment fees of all the plans you consider.  Initial enrollment fees and a 12 month requirement to remain on the plan are not a problem if you are a retiree or self employed individual who expects to be on the dental plan for a long period.  However, if you are currently unemployed, but expect to be employed within a few months in a job that provides dental benefits this could be a problem.
  6. When you do your cost comparison don’t just consider the monthly premiums. Also compare deductibles, yearly maximums and percentages that each plan pays for various procedures. Some plans will increase your yearly maximum if you remain on the policy a specific number of years.